Values represent percentages among two-year public colleges that reported offering developmental courses. Colleges were counted as using an instructional method if they used it in more than two course sections. Categories are not mutually exclusive.
Multiple math pathways are sets of linked courses designed to give students math skills relevant to their degree requirements and program of study. Self-paced courses allow students to work through course content independently. In the flipped classroom model, students are exposed to content outside of class, often through online materials, while most in-class time is devoted to activities, projects, and discussions. Corequisite courses involve students taking a college-level course concurrently with a developmental course that serves as a learning support. Integrated reading and writing courses are English courses in which reading and writing skills are taught together.
SOURCE: Rutschow and Mayer (2018)